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15 Sacagawea facts for kids – History | Homework Help

If you have watched Night At The Museum movie, you probably know some minor details about the Native American teenager, Sacagawea, aka the love interest of Theodore Roosevelt. But in reality, she guided on the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore the hidden corners of the Pacific Northwest and the Louisiana Purchase. So here are 15 unknown Sacagawea facts for kids, who became famous explorers of the mystical landscapes.

1. Sacagawea was a member of the Lemhi Shoshone tribe.

Researchers don’t have many details about Sacagawea’s early life like her childhood, her family, and so on. But according to some sources, she was born in modern-day Idaho in the year 1788.

Apart from that, she was a member of the Lemhi Shoshone tribe, which means Eaters of Salmon. This tribe mostly lived along the banks of the Lemhi River Valley and upper Salmon River.

2. Sacagawea was forcibly married off aged 13.

When Sacagawea was just 12 years old, her community got raided by the Hidatsa people. Later on, they took her with them. A year later, they sold her to someone else for marriage.

She was married to a French-Canadian trapper Toussaint Charbonneau who was 20 to 30 years older than her. He had a history of trading with Hidatsa.

3. Sacagawea was second wife of a French-Canadian trapper Toussaint Charbonneau.

Sacagawea was not the first wife of Toussaint Charbonneau. Previously, he married a Hidatsa woman called Otter Woman. Later on, he got married to Sacagawea for the second time.

4. In 1804, Sacagawea joined Lewis and Clark on their expedition.

In 1804, Sacagawea joined Lewis and Clark on their expedition
In 1804, Sacagawea joined Lewis and Clark on their expedition

In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson commissioned a new US Army unit to study their newly captured land for both scientific and commercial purposes. At that time, the entire country was roughly mapped and some lands in the US were still led by local Native American groups.

From 1804 to 1805, captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark went on an expedition to the Hidatsa village. On their journey as they traveled up to the Missouri River, they searched for someone who could help them to interpret and guide them.

In November 1804, Sacagawea and Charbonneau joined the team: one had ties to the land and could speak local languages, and the other had the best trapping skills. Their team became formidable and helped a lot in the new expeditions.

5. Sacagawea carried her infant son on her expeditions with her husband.

In February 1805, Sacagawea gave birth to her first kid and named him Jean Baptiste. In the April 1805 expedition, she took her child along with her on the Lewis and Clark expedition.

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6. A river was named after Sacagawea to honor her.

Sacagawea accompanied the team in the earlier tests expedition which was up the Missouri River in small canoes or boats (pirogues). Continuing their journey against the rough tide was challenging.

Soon, Sacagawea impressed everyone with her expedition with her fast thinking after saving the materials from a capsized boat. Later on, that river was named Sacagawea River to honor her and the explorers. This is a tributary river of the Musselshell River, located in modern-day Montana.

7. Sacagawea’s ties with local communities and the natural world did not prove to be valuable.

Sacagawea had connections with the local communities and the natural world. As she was a native Shoshone speaker, people traded and negotiated with their team. She convinced the Shoshone and other communities to serve as guides.

Many felt less threatened because there was a presence of a Native American woman along with a kid on the expedition. Thus, everything went on peacefully.

8. Sacagawea knew all the natural world.

Most of the time, Sacagawea proved her usefulness during tough days like famine and other hardships. Her knowledge of the natural world made her more intelligent. During such tough phases of life, she was able to identify and collect edible plants and medicines such as camas’ roots.

9. Sacagawea was always treated as an equal fellow among the crew during the expedition.

Sacagawea was respected by everyone including the men on the expedition. As she was treated equally, she was allowed to vote on the setup of winter camp, complete trade deals, and barter other things.

Apart from this, her knowledge and ideas were well listened to by others.

10. Sacagawea ended up living in St. Louis, Missouri.

Sacagawea ended up living in St. Louis, Missouri.
Sacagawea ended up living in St. Louis, Missouri

After the crew returned from the expedition, Sacagawea and her family lived in Hidatsa for the next 3 years. This happened before accepting an offer from Clark to settle down in St. Louis.

During this period, Sacagawea gave birth to a daughter and named her Lizette. However, she died in infancy. Later on, Sacagawea and her small family remained close to Clark and he took over the responsibility of Jean Baptiste’s education in St. Louis.

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11. Sacagawea passed away at a very young age, in the year 1812.

As per the evidence found in various documentaries, Sacagawea’s reason behind death remains unknown. Some say that she passed away at the age of 25 from sickness in 1812 that is not known till now.

After her demise, William Clark became the official guardian of her kids the following year. Some Native American oral histories believe that at this time, she left her partner and came back to the Great Plains. Furthermore, some even suggest that she got married again and lived a happy and long life.

12. Today, Sacagawea has become an important symbolic figure in the United States of America.

Sacagawea’s name has been mentioned in the history books of the United States. From her expedition days, she was looked up to as a positive figure by female suffrage and other feminist groups.

In the 20th century, many people came to know about her. And today, she has become an example of female independence.

13. Sacagawea became a symbol and was worthy of various titles.

Sacagawea got adopted as the symbol by the National American Woman Suffrage Association. They even shared her life story far and wide across the United States of America.

14. Sacagawea was kidnapped at the age of 12 by the members of their rival tribe.

Sacagawea was born to the Lemhi Shoshone tribe in 1788 or 1789. And their traditional homeland was located near the Salmon River and what is now known as Idaho.

Some experts believe that Sacagawea was snatched away from her community. The stories reveal that she was traveling with a buffalo hunting party in 1800. Suddenly a group of Hidatsa tribes attacked their tribe.

Later on, she was kidnapped and taken to the settlement of Hidatsa-Mandan, which is located in the south-central part of present-day North Dakota.

15. After her abduction, Sacagawea was married off to a French-Canadian fur trader.

A few years later after getting kidnapped, Sacagawea spent the beginning of her years (1803 or 1804) with the Hidatsa tribe. Later on, she and another Shoshone woman were either gambled or sold away to a French-Canadian fur trader named Toussaint Charbonneau.

Her husband lived with the Hidatsa tribe who was much older than her. He was born in 1758 while some historical evidence points to his birth year as 1767. On the other hand, Sacagawea would have been 15 years old, which puts him either in his mid-forties or mid-thirties. Later on, she was married to Charbonneau.

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28 Facts About Betsy Ross For Kids

Betsy Ross was the individual to make the first American flag. Wanna know more facts about Betsy Ross For Kids? Then let’s have a closer look at intricate facts and her connection to the making of the U.S. flag.

1. Betsy Ross has seven kids

Betsy Ross had seven kids, and five of them lived to adulthood. However, she had no kids with her first husband John Ross.

2. When Betsy Ross was 21, she ran away from her family to get married to John Ross.

Betsy Ross’ parents would never agree for her to get married to someone outside their community. So she eloped across the Delaware River to Gloucester, New Jersey. Later on, she married John Ross at a tavern.

3. Betsy Ross had 16 siblings.

Betsy Ross had 16 siblings
28 Facts About Betsy Ross For Kids she had 16 siblings

Betsy Ross was born the eighth of seventeen children to their parents Rebecca James Griscom and Samuel Griscom.

4. Betsy Ross did her tailoring for George Washington.

According to the sources, Betsy Ross did use to work as a tailor for George Washington.

5. Betsy Ross had been buried at three different spots.

Currently, Betsy Ross is buried on Arch Street, which is in the courtyard adjacent to the Betsy Ross House. But before that, she was buried at Mt. Moriah Cemetery and Free Quaker burial ground, which is at South 5th St. near Locust.

6. There is a bridge in Philadelphia named after Betsy Ross.

After Betsy Ross passed away, people named a bridge after her to honor her. The bridge is called Betsy Ross Bridge, which is located across the Delaware River linking Philadelphia and New Jersey.

7. Betsy Ross’s family belonged to Quaker roots.

Betsy Ross’ Griscom family was a firm believer in Quaker. She grew up in a home where discipline was enforced strictly.

8. Betsy Ross’ great-grandfather was a popular carpenter in his times.

Betsy Ross’ grandfather’s name was Andrew Griscom. He was a Quaker who relocated from England to New Jersey. Her grandfather was respected by one and all. And till today, you can see his name inscribed in the Carpenters’ Hall in Philadelphia.

9. Betsy Ross’ father was a worker and her mother was a housewife.

Betsy Ross’s father worked in the construction of the bell tower at the Pennsylvania State House. On the other hand, Ross’s mother was a homemaker. She came from a well-known Quaker family.

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10. Betsy Ross had sewed the 1st U.S. flag.

Some sources reveal that Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag in 1776. Legends also say that she was credited for designing the flag. Moreover, the flag was called the Stars and Stripes.

11. Betsy Ross was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Betsy Ross was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Betsy Ross was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Betsy Ross’s first name was Elizabeth Griscom, and she was born on January 1, 1752, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When she was a kid, she received a Quaker education at a Quaker state-run school. Here, she learned many things such as reading, writing, acquiring technical skills as well as sewing.

12. Betsy Ross started her apprenticeship in a town called William Webster.

After Betsy Ross completed her schooling, she started to apprentice to an upholsterer in William Webster town. In those days, the upholstery job also included sewing.

13. Betsy Ross met John Ross when she was a part of an apprenticeship.

After Betsy Ross attended a Quaker (a type of Christian) school, she met John Ross while doing her apprenticeship. He was the son of an Episcopal priest. Later on, she fell in love with him.

14. Betsy Ross married John Ross in 1773.

In 1773, Betsy Ross married John Ross. They worked together in his newly opened upholstery business. However, he died three years later in 1776.

15. After marrying Betsy Ross was expelled from the Quaker congregation and her family.

After Betsy Ross eloped and married John, Quakers did not accept her marrying into other denominations. Later on, she was expelled from her Quaker congregation and her family.

16. Betsy Ross became a part of Christ Church

After Betsy Ross was expelled from the Quaker community, she joined Christ church which was her first husband’s congregation. Apart from this, one of their fellow congregants was none other than George Washington, who had just become America’s commander in chief.

17. George Washington and two more people of a secret committee asked Betsy Ross to sew a flag.

In 1776, a secret committee that also included George Washington asked Betsy Ross to sew a flag. They told her that it should have 13 stripes and 13 stars which stands for 13 American colonies.

Ross suggested that each star has five-star points and not six stars which Washington has picked. Later on, Ross made the flag at her home.

18. Betsy Ross became a widow after John Ross died in the American Revolutionary War.

Betsy and Ross remained in a blissful marriage for a few years. But later on, American Revolutionary War broke out so John decided to join the provincial militia of Pennsylvania.

He passed away in 1775 leaving behind their upholstery business, which was later continued by Betsy.

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19. Betsy Ross repaired and made upholstery for the Continental Army.

Betsy Ross continued living her life and repaired and made upholstery for the Continental Army. The stuff included tents, blankets, as well as uniforms. Apart from this, she also sewed paper tube cartridges for prepared packaged ammunition.

20. After John Ross’s death, Betsy Ross married twice.

Betsy got married for the second time to her husband Joseph Ashburn and had two daughters with him. Later on, she got married to her third husband John Claypoole and with him, she had five daughters.

21. Betsy Ross died at 84 years of age.

After losing two more husbands, Betsy Ross continued the upholstery business until she was 75. Later on, she passed away in Philadelphia on January 30, 1836.

22. Betsy Ross met George Washington, Robert Morris, and George Ross in 1776.

According to the sources, Betsy Ross met Robert Morris, George Ross, as well as George Washington in late May or early June of 1776.

23. As of now, there is no traces of the actual American flag made by Betsy Ross.

Betsy Ross was hired by the Flag Committee of the Continental Congress to sew the first American flag. Many oral accounts have mentioned this but no actual flag was created by Betsy Ross.

24. Betsy Ross’s American flag had important elements.

Experts say that there is no consensus about the design of the first American flag. However, the important elements of the flag were the colors, the circle, the stripes, and the stars.

25. George Washington wanted the American flag to have 13 stars in a circle.

There was s specific meaning behind the stars in a circle so that colonies would be seen as equal with one another. George Washington wanted these 13 stars in a circle which meant a new constellation in the heavens.

26. Betsy Ross continued working in the upholstery business until her retirement.

Betsy Ross got retired in 1827 from the upholstery business. Furthermore, she spent her retirement years in Abington, Pennsylvania with her daughter Susannah.

27. In 1952, Betsy Ross’s 200th birthday was celebrated by issuing her postage stamp.

On January 1, 1952, Betsy Ross’s 200tg birthday was celebrated uniquely. Sources say that to commemorate her birth anniversary, the American Post Office issued her 200th Anniversary postage stamp.

28. There is no solid proof that Betsy Ross sewed the first flag.

Sources say that no flag was found sewed by Betsy Ross. However, many people have stated that she sewed the first U.S. flag and all the other stories about her are true.

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